Assignment-1:  Role of Operating Systems and Command Line Interface (CLI)

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Assessment Details and Submission Guidelines
Unit Code MN404 – T2 2018
Unit Title Fundamentals of Operating Systems and Programming
Assessment Type Individual Assignment
Assessment Title Assignment-1:  Role of Operating Systems and Command Line Interface (CLI)
Purpose of the assessment (with ULO Mapping) This assignment assesses the following Unit Learning Outcomes; students should be able to demonstrate their achievements in them.

a.       Describe the role of Operating Systems (OS) and its different subsystems in controlling computer hardware

b.      Demonstrate competency in the use of a command line interface to operate and perform simple OS administration

Weight 20% of the total assessments
Total Marks 45
Word limit Not applicable
Due Date        Week 7, Friday, 11.55 PM
Submission Guidelines ·      Submit a word document that contains the screen shots of the answers to all the questions in section 2 (Unix exercises) along with the answers for questions in section 1. All screen shots submitted on Moodle must carry your unique id such as MITID, names etc.

·      All work must be submitted on Moodle by the due date along with a completed Assignment Cover Page.

·      The assignment must be in MS Word format, 1.5 spacing, 11-pt Calibri (Body) font and 2 cm margins on all four sides of your page with appropriate section headings.

·      Reference sources must be cited in the text of the report, and listed appropriately at the end in a reference list using IEEE Transactions on Networking referencing style.

·         Students must ensure before submission of final version of the assignment that the similarity percentage as computed by Turnitin has to be less than 10%. Assignments with more than 10% similarity may not be considered for marking.

Extension If an extension of time to submit work is required, a Special Consideration Application must be submitted directly through AMS.  You must submit this application within three working days of the assessment due date. Further information is available at:

Academic Misconduct 


Academic Misconduct is a serious offence. Depending on the seriousness of the case, penalties can vary from a written warning or zero marks to exclusion from the course or rescinding the degree. Students should make themselves familiar with the full policy and procedure available at: For further information, please refer to the Academic Integrity Section in your Unit Description.


Purpose of the Assignment:


The assignment focuses on two aspects, the role of OS as an interface between the user and the computer hardware, and use of command line interface. It helps the students to understand the different types of OS and their functionalities on different devices. Also it assists the students to gain competency in using UNIX/LINUX commands in performing simple OS administration.


By doing this assignment, students will get to learn to research and comprehend the basic concepts of OS and how differently or similarly they play the interfacing role on various computing and communication devices. Also, they will appreciate the ease of using GUI over CLI.



Assignment 1 Specifications


Section 1:  Operating Systems                                  (3marks X 5 features X 3 OSs = 45marks)


The Operating system acts as an interface between the user and the computer hardware. Discuss in detail the roles of the OS as a resource manager and as an extended machine on the following systems:

  • Client,
  • Server, and
  • Mobile devices.

Students may consider any of the OS for discussions, for instance Windows, Linux, iOS, MacOS, Android, etc. Further, the students must consider any five of the following features relevant to the systems for discussions.

How does OS on a client / server / mobile system

  • support many devices simultaneously
    • allocate resource to different users
    • share resources among users fairly, efficiently, and safely
    • resolve conflict in resource demand
    • hides the implementation details
    • Provide stable, portable, reliable, safe, well-behaved environment
    • manage memory, processor, file etc.
  • level of security it provides






Section 2:  OS Administration using Command Line Interface (CLI)                                   (20 marks)


Refer to the man command to understand the syntax and parameters for the commands that you would be using in this section.


  1. Demonstrate the following Unix/Linux commands in the lab to your tutor before week 6 and paste the screen shots of the execution in the same word file that has section 1 of the assignment.


  1. How do you know if a remote host is alive or not?
  2. How do you find which process is taking how much CPU?
  • How do you check how much space is left in current drive?
  1. How do you find whether your system is 32 bit or 64 bit?
  2. In a file word UNIX is appearing many times. How will you count the number of these occurrences?


  1. Type in the following commands and discuss the outputs you get after execution of the commands. Also, paste the screen shots of the output obtained in the same word file used for above question and section 1 of the assignment.


  1. % cat /etc/hosts cat?
  2. % echo “Home Directory Is home” uppercase $HOME?
  3. % who | wc
  4. % who > logged.users
  5. %date “+%m/%d/%y”

%date “+%Y%m%d”

%date +’%-4.4h %2.1d %H:%M’























Marking criteria:

Questions Description Marks


Section 1



 For each type of OS discuss five features

3 marks for each feature

3 OS X 5features

X 3marks = 45marks

Section 2

All the commands in this section have to be executed on Ubuntu in the lab.


Five commands and output (screen shots)

5 Outputs ( screen shots) and discussion


10 marks

10 marks


Reference style Follow IEEE Transactions on Networking reference style (should have both in-text citation and reference list)

Minimum of 5 references are a must

Viva Voce Tutor will assess your understanding of work done for this assignment. This will be done during week -6 and  Week-7  lab . 10 marks
  Total 80 marks

















Grades HD D


Credit P N (fail)
Section -1 Excellent

research work and focused discussions and analysis

Sound references from reputed journals.

Good research work and discussions   are relevant and soundly analysed.

Good references

Generally relevant research work and discussions   are relevant.

some references.

Some research work and brief discussions.

Some references.

No research carried out. Irrelevant discussions and no references.
Section 2 Perfect usage of  commands  for the given tasks Commands used are relevant Generally relevant Some relevance Not relevant to the assigned tasks.
Viva Voce Logic is clear and easy to follow with strong arguments Consistency logical and convincing Mostly consistent logical and convincing Adequate cohesion and conviction Argument is confused and disjointed
IEEE Reference style Clear styles with excellent source of references. Clear referencing style Generally good referencing style Sometimes clear referencing style Lacks consistency with many errors